The normal Anatomy of the Hip
The hip joint is one of the body’s largest joints. It is a ball-and-socket joint. The socket is formed by the acetabulum, which is part of the large pelvic bone.
The ball is the femoral head, which is the upper end of the femur (thighbone) which articulates with the acetabulum to form the hip joint.
The bone surfaces of the ball and socket are covered with cartilage, a smooth tissue that cushions the ends of the bones and enables them to move easily with reduced friction.
A thin tissue called synovial membrane surrounds the hip joint and makes a small amount of fluid that lubricates the cartilage and eliminates almost all friction during hip movement.
Bands of tissue called ligaments (the hip capsule) connect the ball to the socket and provide stability to the joint.
Note: Any surgical or invasive procedure carries risks. Before proceeding with any surgical procedures, you are entitled to seek a second opinion from an appropriately qualified health practitioner of your choice.
Arthritis : means “inflammation of a joint.” In some forms of arthritis, such as osteoarthritis, the inflammation arises because the smooth covering (articular cartilage) on the ends of bones become damaged or worn over time.
In other forms of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, the joint lining becomes inflamed as part of a disease process that affects the entire body. Some other types of arthritidies include : seronegative spondyloarthropathies, crytalline deposition diseases, and septic arthritis.
Although arthritis is mainly a disease of adults, children may also have it.